Did you know that having kidney stones has become one of the worst medical problems of the urinary tract nowadays? If you never had a problem, ask anyone who had kidney stones about its unbearable pain. Even this painful chronic condition can be experienced by a healthy people. So, it is better to not to get them at all with the slight changes in the lifestyle and food. This is not as hard as it seems, just you need some determination. Proper diet, plenty of water intake and right medication can help you to stay stone-free.
Kidney stones are most common in adults and once it develops in a body there are more chances to develop another in the near future. This is mainly due to the change in lifestyle and diet which is not favorable to the good health.
What are kidney stones?
Kidney stones have no definite cause and there are many factors that increase the chances. Usually, kidney stones form with the hard deposits of crystal-forming substances such as acid salts, minerals, calcium, oxalate or prosperous in concentrated urine. And at the same time, it forms with the lack of substances that prevent sticking crystals. These stones create an unbearable pain when passes through the urinary tract, but it won’t cause any harmful damage. This pain usually comes when the larger and growing stones block the flow of the urine.
Symptoms of Kidney Stones:
Here are some of the symptoms of kidney stones to take necessary precautions.
- Pain in the abdomen, bladder, back, testicle, flank and urinary tract
- Pain during night and urination
- Excessive and frequent urination
- Blood in urine
- Severe vomiting
- Chills and sweating
- Burning sensation in abdomen
Types of kidney stones
Knowing the types of symptoms of kidney stones will help you to reduce the rick chances and a proper treatment.
- Calcium stones
- Uric acid stones
- Struvite stones
- Cysteine stones
Ways to prevent Kidney stones:
Drink plenty of water:
For people experiencing the symptoms of kidney stones, doctors will suggest drinking enough water. Because drinking plenty of water will dilute the stone-forming substances in the urine. Try to drink 4-5 liters of water to pass at least 2.5 liters of urine in a day. You can also include lemon and orange juice to your beverage list as citrate helps to block the stone formation. If you are living in a hot environment, you need to drink even more to produce 2.5 liters of urine. If your urine color is normal, you are drinking enough water.
The requirement of water varies from person to person. Keeping your urine in light yellow color will prevent you from kidney stones. Taking more tablets will make your urine bright yellow color, at that point you should not take color into consideration.
Moderate intake of oxalate-rich foods:
If you have formed calcium oxalate kidney stones moderating the intake of oxalate-rich foods is recommendable. This oxalate is usually found in all fruits and vegetables, including grains, seeds, nuts, tea, chocolates, spinach, soy and sweet potatoes. Stopping all the oxalate foods is not a smart move. So, eat these oxalate-rich foods with the combination of calcium during your meal. Doing this will lowers the formation of kidney stones as calcium and oxalate are more likely to bind together.
Choose a diet low in animal protein:
Eating animal protein regularly will upsurge the chances of forming kidney stones. Limit having animal protein such as red meat, pork, beef, eggs, fish, milk, poultry, seafood and other dairy products and lower the formation of uric acid that leads to Kidney stones. Also, reduce the salt intake and consider its substitute. Taking plant-based foods such as dried peanuts, soy foods, almonds, cashews, pista, sunflower seeds and walnuts will enhance your protein level.
Prefer low sodium diet:
Intake of high-sodium diet may increase chances of stone formation with the increase in the amount of calcium. It is recommended to limit the sodium intake to 1500 mg. Preferring low sodium diet will also keep you away from blood pressure and heart diseases.
Get sufficient calcium:
Many people will feel that taking calcium is the reason to form calcium-oxalate stones. But don’t treat calcium as a culprit as taking little calcium in your diet will increase the chance of kidney stones. To prevent this, pair calcium-rich foods with oxalate-rich foods and cut back the sodium. 50 years Men need 1000 milligrams of calcium in a day with the necessary quantity of vitamin D to absorb calcium.
Avoid intake of sugar, soda, and fructose:
Intake of the high quantity of sugar and soda can also increase the chances of developing kidney stones. Because it interferes with absorption of magnesium and calcium by upsetting mineral relationships. Drinking sodas will lead to the formation of calcium oxalate kidney stone in the children. Limit the intake of unhealthy sugar and soda beverages to lower the chances of stone formation.