Trauma emergencies – first aid and initial action steps

first aid tips

When an emergency occurs, there will be no enough time to start researching for finding out the precautions. It is very much important to respond quickly to take necessary action. So, for our own safety learning few techniques and first aid tips in advance is a prudent move. This helps to respond quickly for saving our friends and family members.  We don’t even know when the emergency strikes, so be prepared by looking out this article.

There are many emergencies situations starting from disasters to small rash. But, the most common emergency situation that occurs frequently was health related emergencies. Now a day, trauma emergencies have become very common. Here is a list of emergencies and its first aid procedures.

Bleeding:

Bleeding also known as hemorrhage is a loss of blood from the vascular system. The loss of blood inside the body is called internal bleeding. Or it happened outside the body is called as external bleeding. Blood loss can occur in any part of the human body. Excessive bleeding or blood loss may lead to severe damage to the body and sometimes it leads to death.

When a damage happens to the blood vessel or organ leads, this blood leakage called as internal bleeding. When blood exits through a cut or break in the skin or through natural openings are referred as external bleeding.

Bleeding control first aid tips:

  • Control the blood before trying to clean the wound
  • Apply pressure with clean cloth/sterile dressing pad on the injured part
  • If the bleeding is more, apply more pads without removing the old pad
  • Elevate the wounded extremity, if there is no fracture
  • Do not give orally anything to drink or eat

Eye Injury:

A physical and chemical injury of the eye is a serious threat to the eye vision as an immediate precaution should be taken. This happens due to exposure to the thermal, chemical and mechanical agent.

First aid tips:

  • Blow out the object
  • In the case of chemical exposure, flush the eye with clean water up to 20 minutes.
  • To avoid injury, ask the victim not to move the eye
  • In case of bleeding, gently press a clean cloth or dressing over the eye
  • To avoid eye movements, close or cover the eyes

Ear and nose bleeding:

Loss of blood through the ear and nose is referred as external bleeding.

First aid tips:

Nose Bleeding:

  • Ask the victim to breathe through the mouth
  • Continue to pinch the nose for 10 minutes as pinching stops the flow of blood by applying pressure on the nasal septum
  • Don’t bend down for long hours after heavy blood flow
  • Don’t try to remove anything from the nose while bleeding

Ear Bleeding:

  • Apply pressure with a clean cloth till the bleeding stops
  • Clean it properly
  • Do not plug the ear
  • Cover the injured part with a sterile dressing and tape it loosely for air flow
  • If possible, apply cold compresses over the dressing as it reduces pain and swelling
  • If there is any cut, keep the part in a safe place

Impaled object:

An impaled object or items that have punctured the skin and total body tissues are left in place. It can be a scary and life threatening occurrence. Depending on the size of the object and place of impalement treatment should be given. Removing it suddenly may cause severe bleeding and damage.

First aid tips:

  • Try to control the bleeding
  • Stabilize the object as found
  • Do not move or apply pressure on impaled object
  • Check victim for shock
  • Try to remove clothing around the wound
  • If the object is long, help the victim to sit in a comfortable position
  • Don’t allow victim to move as it may lead to severe damage
  • Call 784 784 00 00 for immediate emergency aid

Amputation:

Separation of limb or body part by trauma, surgery or medical illness is called as amputation.

First aid tips:

  • Check breathing
  • Try to calm and reassure the victim
  • Control the bleeding
  • Monitor and treat for shock
  • Keep the person warm
  • Carry the amputated part along with the victim as it can be re-implanted
  • Call for iRelief services Pvt. Ltd 7847840000 for immediate health care service
  • Stay with the person until medical aid arrives

How to carry amputated part?

  • Brush off any gross contamination and cover with clean cloth
  • Place it in a bag and seal it
  • Put this bag in ice/cold water filled container
  • Don’t put the body part directly in the container without using bag
  • Do not use dry ice for storing
  • Don’t let the amputated part come into direct contact with ice

Road traffic accident:

The road traffic accident happens by the two wheeler and four wheeler.

Precautions:

  • Slow down the vehicle
  • Ignore aggressive drivers
  • Try to avoid driving in bad weather
  • Never get into a car after drinking
  • Wear helmet
  • Don’t forget to wear a seat belt
  • Keep the car accessories in good condition
  • Keep your eyes moving while traveling
  • Never use cell phones
  • Follow road rules

First aid tips:

  • Stop the vehicle in a safe place to avoid traffic jams
  • Call 7847840000, iRelief services for immediate ambulance and emergency service
  • Get the vehicle to a stationary position and turn off the ignition
  • Stabilize neck and head
  • Treat life threatening injuries such as bleeding
  • If there is no threat of explosion keep the victim in the vehicle until the ambulance arrives

Heat and spine injury:

The spinal cord passes through your neck and back. The cord injury is very serious as it may lead to paralysis.

First aid tips:

  • Keep the victim still and safe till the medical aid arrival
  • Call 7847840000 for immediate ambulance care
  • Do not move the victim and keep in the position as found
  • Support the head, neck, and back with your hands to avoid movements
  • Stop any bleeding occurs
  • Watch for changes in breathing and alertness.
  • If needed perform CPR and do chest compression

Don’t:

  • Do not lift, twist or bend the victim’s body
  • Don’t make unnecessary moves and avoid moving the victim’s neck
  • Do not apply direct pressure on wound if you suspect a skull fracture
  • Don’t remove a football helmet or pad if a spinal injury is suspected

Fracture:

A fracture is a complete or partial damage to the bone

Recognitions:

  • Pain at or around the site of the fracture
  • Swelling over the area with discoloration
  • Discolored skin around the affected area
  • If it an open fracture, there may be bleeding
  • Loss of normal movements of the affected part
  • The limb may lose its normal shape

Fracture first-aid:

  • Call 7847840000 for immediate medical help
  • Stop if any bleeding
  • Avoid unnecessary movements
  • Apply pressure to the wound with a bandage
  • Stabilize and support the injured part
  • Immobilize the fracture area and joints on both sides of the fracture site

Sprain or strain:

  • Rest: Stop movement of the injured part
  • Ice: Apply cold pack
  • Compression: Use bandage, Squeeze fluid & debris off the injury site.
  • Elevation: The injured area (Do not elevate if fracture is suspected)

Burns:

Damage to the skin or tissues caused by the fire, hot liquids, sun, electricity or chemicals called as burns.

  • If the person has caught fire ask the victim to stop, drop and roll.
  • Call 784784000 for immediate service

First aid tips:

  • First, stop the burns to avoid severe more burns
  • Cool the wound with the tap water
  • Avoid excessive cooling
  • Gently wipe with clean water
  • Cover with blanket
  • Wait for the ambulance
  • Remove jewelry and clothing
  • Don’t try to apply household remedies

Electrocution:

The injury happened by an electric shock is called as electrocution. The human body is a good conductor of electricity.

First aid tips:

  • Call 7847840000 for emergency medical aid
  • Turn off the source of electricity or move the source away from the victim by using non-conducting object like wood stick
  • Cool and cover burns
  • Begin CPR if the victim has no pulse
  • Don’t touch victim unless the source is disconnected