Trauma emergencies – first aid and initial action steps

first aid tips

When an emergency occurs, there will be not enough time to start researching to find out the precautions. It is very important to respond quickly to take necessary action. So, for our own safety learning a few techniques and first aid tips in advance is a prudent move. This helps to respond quickly to save our friends and family members.  We don’t even know when the emergency strikes, so be prepared.

There are many emergency situations starting from a small rash to disasters. But, the most common emergency situation that occurs frequently is health-related emergencies. Nowadays, trauma emergencies have become very common. Here is a list of emergencies and its first aid procedures.

Bleeding:

Bleeding also known as hemorrhage. It means loss of blood from the vascular system. The loss of blood inside the body is called internal bleeding. And when it happens outside the body that is called as external bleeding. Blood loss can occur in any part of the human body. Excessive bleeding or blood loss may lead to severe damage to the body and sometimes may also lead to death.

When damage happens to the blood vessel or an organ it leads to bleeding, this blood leakage is called as internal bleeding. When blood exits through a cut or break in the skin or through natural openings are referred to as external bleeding.

First aid tips for controlling the bleeding:

  • Control the blood before trying to clean the wound
  • Apply pressure with clean cloth/sterile dressing pad on the injured part
  • If the bleeding is more, apply more pads without removing the old pad
  • Elevate the wounded extremity, if there is no fracture
  • Do not give anything to drink or eat

Eye Injury:

A physical and chemical injury of the eye is a serious threat to the eye vision because of which immediate precaution should be taken. This happens due to exposure to the thermal, chemical and mechanical agent.

First aid tips:

  • Blow out the object
  • In the case of chemical exposure, flush the eye with clean water up to 20 minutes.
  • To avoid injury, ask the victim not to move the eye
  • In case of bleeding, gently press a clean cloth or dressing over the eye
  • To avoid eye movements, close or cover the eyes

Ear and nose bleeding:

Loss of blood through the ear or nose is referred to as external bleeding.

First aid tips:

Nose Bleeding:

  • Ask the victim to breathe through the mouth
  • Continue to pinch the nose for 10 minutes as pinching stops the flow of blood by applying pressure on the nasal septum
  • Don’t bend down for long hours after heavy blood flow
  • Don’t try to remove anything from the nose while bleeding

Ear Bleeding:

  • Apply pressure with a clean cloth till the bleeding stops
  • Clean it properly
  • Do not plug the ear
  • Cover the injured part with a sterile dressing and tape it loosely for air flow
  • If possible, apply cold compresses over the dressing as it reduces pain and swelling
  • If there is any cut, keep the part clean and safe.
  • Impaled object:

An impaled object or item that have punctured the skin and total body tissues are left in place can be a scary and life-threatening occurrence. Depending on the size of the object and place of impalement treatment should be given. Removing it suddenly may cause severe bleeding and damage.

First aid tips:

  • Try to control the bleeding
  • Stabilize the object as found
  • Do not move or apply pressure on the impaled object
  • Check the victim for shock
  • Try to remove clothing from the wound
  • If the object is long, help the victim to sit in a comfortable position
  • Don’t allow the victim to move as it may lead to severe damage
  • Call 784 784 00 00 for immediate emergency aid

Amputation:

Separation of limb or body part by trauma, surgery or medical illness is called amputation.

First aid tips:

  • Check the breathing
  • Try to calm and reassure the victim
  • Control the bleeding
  • Monitor and treat for shock
  • Keep the person warm
  • Carry the amputated part along with the victim as it can be re-implanted
  • Call for iRelief services Pvt. Ltd 7847840000 for immediate health care service
  • Stay with the person until medical aid arrives

How to carry the amputated part?

  • Brush off any gross contamination and cover with a clean cloth
  • Place it in a bag and seal it
  • Put this bag in ice/cold water filled container
  • Don’t put the body part directly in the container without using a bag
  • Do not use dry ice for storing
  • Don’t let the amputated part come into direct contact with ice

Road traffic accident:

Accidents that happen by two-wheeler and four-wheeler.

Precautions:

  • Slow down the vehicle
  • Ignore aggressive drivers
  • Try to avoid driving in bad weather
  • Never get into a car after drinking
  • Wear helmet
  • Don’t forget to wear a seat belt
  • Keep the car accessories in good condition
  • Keep your eyes moving while traveling
  • Never use cell phones
  • Follow road rules

First aid tips:

  • Stop the vehicle in a safe place to avoid traffic jams
  • Call 7847840000, iRelief services for immediate ambulance and emergency service
  • Get the vehicle to a stationary position and turn off the ignition
  • Stabilize neck and head
  • Treat life-threatening injuries such as bleeding
  • If there is no threat of explosion keep the victim in the vehicle until the ambulance arrives

Head and spine injury:

The spinal cord passes through your neck and back. The spinal cord injury is very serious as it may lead to paralysis.

First aid tips:

  • Keep the victim still and safe until the medical aid’s arrival
  • Call 7847840000 for immediate ambulance care
  • Do not move the victim and keep in the position as found
  • Support the head, neck, and back with your hands to avoid movements
  • Stop any bleeding that occurs
  • Watch for changes in breathing and alertness.
  • If needed perform CPR and do chest compression

Don’t:

  • Do not lift, twist or bend the victim’s body
  • Don’t make unnecessary moves and avoid moving the victim’s neck
  • Do not apply direct pressure on the wound if you suspect a skull fracture
  • Don’t remove a football helmet or pad if a spinal injury is suspected

Fracture:

A fracture is a complete or partial damage to the bone

Recognitions:

  • Pain at or around the site of the fracture
  • Swelling over the area
  • Discolored skin around the affected area
  • If it is an open fracture, there may be bleeding
  • Loss of normal movements of the affected part
  • The limb may lose its normal shape

Fracture first-aid:

  • Call 7847840000 for immediate medical help
  • Stop if any bleeding
  • Avoid unnecessary movements
  • Apply pressure to the wound with a bandage
  • Stabilize and support the injured part
  • Immobilize the fractured area and joints on both sides of the fracture site

Sprain or strain:

  • Rest: Stop movement of the injured part
  • Ice: Apply a cold pack
  • Compression: Use bandage, squeeze fluid & debris off the injury site.
  • Elevation: The injured area (Do not elevate if the fracture is suspected)

Burns:

Damage to the skin or tissues caused by fire, hot liquids, sun, electricity or chemicals is called as burns.

  • If a person has caught fire ask the victim to stop, drop and roll.
  • Call 784784000 for immediate emergency services

First aid tips:

  • First, stop the burns to avoid severe burns
  • Cool down the wound with tap water
  • Avoid excessive cooling
  • Gently wipe with clean water
  • Cover with blanket
  • Wait for the ambulance
  • Remove jewelry and clothing
  • Don’t try to apply household remedies

Electrocution:

An injury that has happened by an electric shock is called as electrocution. The human body is a good conductor of electricity.

First aid tips:

  • Call 7847840000 for emergency medical aid
  • Turn off the source of electricity or move the source away from the victim
  • by using a non-conducting object like a wood stick
  • Cool and cover burns
  • Begin CPR if the victim has no pulse
  • Don’t touch victim unless the source is disconnected

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