Cities of India are getting faster and smarter. On one end where the skies get kissed by a new tower everyday, on the other highways and roads appear snaking through the city’s landscape. While our urban jungles appear as adorable as they can from the outside, they are actually a host to various diseases due to cleanliness issues. Water stagnation and poor drainage systems continue to grow, thereby giving rise to numerous health concerns such as Dengue, Malaria, Typhoid, etc.
And dengue has struck again!
It’s getting deadlier with each new strike. It is one of the most common diseases caused by a mosquito called Aedes Aegypti. And what is the most common breeding ground for these mosquitoes? Stagnant water.
Usually, monsoon season can wreak havoc, because of which Stagnant rainwater can be found in abundance throughout the city because of poor maintenance of drainage systems.
In addition to rainwater, overflowing sewage and leaked pipes are also of major concern because if stagnant rainwater can cause problems then stagnant sewage water can double those problems and put the citizens at greater risk for serious illnesses such as dengue.
So, what can be done to keep our cities dengue-free?
Here are a few methods that can help in keeping our cities dengue-free.
Collaborate with an NGO
One of the best ways to get rid of stagnant rainwater is to volunteer at an NGO that already has a program of getting rid of stagnant water in progress or propose the idea yourself, of bringing a group of people together to come up with easy and smart solutions to help drain the stagnant water or even solutions for preventing the stagnation.
Which is the most common stagnation place? Potholes top the list. A badly constructed/poorly maintained/heavily used road can have dents and holes – an easily accessible space for standing/stagnant water.
Draining stagnant water can be done by suctioning out excess water (use wet/dry vacuums or pumps for larger areas of stagnant water) but if that is not the possibility you can add bleach (which is also considered as a pesticide) to the stagnant water so that it prevents bacteria formation that causes dengue. After the extraction of the excess water cleaning and sanitizing the area is important to prevent future growth of mold or bacteria.
Spraying of insecticide can control and reduce the number of mosquitoes that can spread deadly viruses such as Dengue. How is this done? It is either sprayed manually or a truck is used to make the process easier.
Mosquito control services spray very small amounts of insecticide into the air to kill mosquitoes. This spray is a fine mist that acts as a fogger in the area. What does it do? Adulticide sprays immediately kill flying mosquitoes. Larvicide sprays kill mosquito larvae that hatch from eggs and lasts longer than adulticide sprays.
Making your backyard Mosquito-free
In order to make the gardens mosquito-free it is important to drain out the excess water and then spray the area with mosquito repellant. But if you think mosquito repellents are loaded with chemicals then the better solution is to have specific plants that act as natural mosquito repellants, such as Basil, Mint, and Lavender.
Mosquito Control Around the Home
The most important thing we can do to reduce the risk of exposure to Dengue virus is to eliminate mosquito-breeding areas around the home and limit exposure to feeding mosquitoes.
Many female mosquitoes can lay 100-300 eggs on the surface of fresh or stagnant water every third night during its lifespan.
Here are some simple things we can do to eliminate potential mosquito breeding sites around the home:
- Do not allow water to accumulate in the saucers of flowerpots in your private gardens, or in pet dishes for more than two days
- Get rid of tin cans, old tires, buckets, unused plastic swimming pools, or other containers that collect and hold water
- Clean debris from rain gutters, remove standing water from flat roofs, and repair leaks around faucets and air conditioners
- Fill or drain puddles, ditches and swampy areas around your home