How do vision changes as we age?

Eye vision drops with age

When we are in our 20’s or 30’s, we spend much time to improve our physical health, but not our future eyesight. Just as the body changes with age, our eyes undergo changes and lead to serious eye diseases. Beginning in the early to mid-’40s, many people experience vision problems at close distances, especially while reading newspapers and working on the computer. This change in the vision called presbyopia, which progresses over time.

Initially, you need to hold a piece of paper to read it clearly. Or you need to stress your eyes to see the restaurant menu or newspaper due to blurriness. Some problems start from worsening vision and cause clear blindness. This is why regular eye checkup with an optometrist is necessary.

If you are using glasses or lenses to do daily activities, these can be fixed by using multifocal lenses that improve vision.

When do change in vision occur?

Usually, in the early ’40s, you will notice a difficulty in focusing objects due to hardening of the lens inside your eye. This condition is called presbyopia and can be corrected by using reading glasses, inserting contact lenses and multifocal lenses. There are also some surgery options such as monovision Lasik and Conductive Keratoplasty. Once you experience trouble in focusing, meet your eye doctor to avoid further difficulty.

If you have never used glasses before, you probably need a pair of reading glasses in the 40s. If you are around the age of 50, your lenses continue to harden. So, it is imperative to change the glasses for managing reading and daily tasks.

Cataracts are considered as one most common age-related eye disease. If you notice vision changes during the 60s due to cataracts, it is better to undergo surgery for removing cataracts. Advanced lenses are also available when cataract surgery is necessary.

Unlike Cataracts, Glaucoma is an age-related problem in which you notice an increase in eye blood pressure that leads to vision loss. Diabetes can also cause glaucoma. This problem can be cured if detected in the early stage.

Macular degeneration also an age-related eye condition which leads to vision loss for individuals over 60. In case of macular degeneration, the retina begins to deteriorate leading blindness. There is no cure for macular degeneration and taking multivitamins and eating rich foods can help to slow the process.

What can you do to protect your eye and vision?

  • Visit your eye doctor at least once a year
  • Select a healthy diet and wise lifestyle
  • Keep your blood pressure low
  • Maintain Healthy weight
  • Exercise regularly
  • Wear sunglasses
  • Control diabetes
  • Avoid smoking
  • Reduce stress

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