First Aid Tips and their importance in daily life – iRelief

FIrst Aid boxWe all know that the emergency and accidents are unavoidable and not preventable. It may occur at any time, unpleasant though it is the fact that we have to note. Experiencing as a passerby without giving any help can be the worse situation. There are many situations which require immediate first aid action. Suppose if an accident or any emergency happens while traveling or in your workplace or home, you cannot lie back without helping until professional medical aid arrives. This is why it is imperative to know the basic knowledge and the simple techniques of the first-aid.

First aid is: An immediate and temporary action taken towards a victim of sudden illness or injury with care to preserve life or prevent from a worsening condition. It not only means the difference between life and death, also saves the victim’s life sometimes.

Generally, first aid is performed by the passerby or layperson with a basic knowledge of first aid and others who likes to help someone with the acquired knowledge.

Being as a first aider will not only benefit the patient/victim, it also helps to prevent your family, friends, coworkers and in the community.

A proper first aid in the right time can bring a new life to the victim.

The importance of First Aid:

It is very hard to estimate the importance of first aid as the benefits are higher.

  • Lets to handle various emergency situations that threaten life, health, and order of life.
  • Lessens the severity of an emergency
  • Ensures the right method of medical assistance in case of emergency
  • Sometimes first aid steps allow saving the victim from the death
  • It also benefits the individuals themselves

Aims of the first aid:

  • Preserve Life
  • Promote speedy recovery
  • Prevent worsening of condition

Below are some of the medical emergencies with their symptoms and first aid tips.

Anaphylaxis:

It is a kind of severe allergic reaction that occurs within minutes of exposure to an allergen. Here are the few signs and symptoms to be noted.

  • Itching, Rashes/Hives, redness or pale skin
  • Breathing difficulty, coughing and wheezing
  • Swelling of face, eyes, lips or throat
  • Abdominal cramps, nausea, and vomiting
  • Anxiety and headache
  • Fainting and unconsciousness
  • Drop in blood pressure

First Aid Tips:

  • Stay with the person
  • Remove inciting antigen
  • Do not leave victim alone
  • Lay down the person back if breathing is difficult and don’t let him walk
  • In severe cases, use the adrenaline auto injector device if available
  • Seek immediate medical help/ Call 7847840000
  • Inject Epinephrine immediately if possible
  • Reassurance

Asthma:

A respiratory condition causing breathing difficulty is known as Asthma. In this case, the muscles of the air passages in the lungs will go into contraction. The common Asthma symptoms include:

  • Coughing especially at night and during exercise
  • Shortness of breath
  • Frequent respiratory infection
  • Wheezing
  • Distress
  • Chest tightness
  • Throat irritation
  • High pitched, raspy sound of breathing
  • Exhaustion (extreme fatigue)

First Aid tips:

  • Make the victim sit upright
  • Reassure the person
  • Loosen the tight clothing
  • Ask whether they have any prescribed medicines or inhaler and assist in using it
  • If there is no inhaler, borrow from someone and use it
  • Seek medical assistance at the earliest
  • Call 7847840000 for moderate and severe cases

Choking:

Foreign object lodging in the throat or windpipe, blocking the flow of air is known as Choking. Hands clutching to the throat is the universal sign for choking. If the person unable to talk and giving signals, look for these following indications.

  • Inability to talk, breathe and cough forcefully
  • Difficult and noisy breathing
  • Blue skin from poor circulation
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Skin, lips, and nails turning blue or dusky

First Aid tips:

  • Perform abdominal thrusts
  • Use the heel of your hand to deliver five back blows between the victim’s shoulder blades
  • Alternate blows and thrust until the person feel free
  • Wrap your arms around by standing behind the victim
  • Watch changes in the victim
  • Start chest compressions if victim becomes unconscious
  • Call 7847840000 for assistance

For infants:

  • Deliver 5 back blows and 5 chest thrusts
  • Continue till the medical assistance arrives or victim becomes unconscious

Epistaxis:

A common occurrence of bleeding from the nose or nostril, nasal cavity or nasopharynx is called as Epistaxis.

First Aid tips:

  • Reassurance
  • Make victim to sit up, lean forward and breathe through the mouth
  • Apply pressure for 5 mins, if still bleeding pinch for 5-10 min. Pinching helps to stop the flow of bleeding by sending the pressure on the nasal septum (bleeding point)
  • Use thumb and index figure to pinch for nostrils shut
  • If still bleeding call 7847840000

Fainting/Syncope:

A sudden or brief loss of consciousness and muscle strength is characterized as a Syncope. It takes minutes for recovery. Here are few causes for fainting

  • Caused by Dehydration and head injury
  • Long period of standing
  • Sudden standing after sitting for a long time
  • Pain/emotions or fear

First Aid Tips:

  • Lay down the victim flat
  • Restore blood flow to the brain by raising the legs above heart level
  • Loosen belt, collar, and clothing if possible
  • After gaining consciousness, don’t let the victim stand immediately
  • Continue lying for 5 mins, then sit up, gradually stand and then walk

Stroke:

Blocked or ruptured blood vessels in the brain is called as a stroke, it can also be called as brain attack or paralysis. Here are some of the recognitions

  • Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • Confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
  • Trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or co-ordination
  • Sudden, severe headache with no known cause

First Aid Tips:

  • Adopt a position of comfort and take care airways is not obstructed
  • If unresponsive, recovery position with observation
  • Note down the time when the stroke appeared
  • Call 7847840000 for medical assistance or download iRelief app

Seizures:

Involuntary jerky movement in the body due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain. The symptoms of Seizures are

  • Violent shaking
  • Loss of control

First Aid:

  • Stay with the victim until she/he awake
  • Lie down the person and turn them on the other side with their mouth opening towards the ground.
  • Loosen tight clothing
  • Cushion their head if possible
  • Maintain calmness
  • Check whether the person is wearing any bracelet which gives medical information
  • Call 7847840000 for medical assistance

Don’ts:

  • Don’t give anything to drink/eat
  • Do not place anything in the mouth
  • Don’t place any metal in the hand
  • Do not restrain the patient

Low Blood Sugar/Hypoglycemia:

Lower level of glucose in the blood. It is a dire emergency case and here are the few recognitions to be noted

  • Patients with diabetes
  • Light headed and shaky
  • Confusion
  • Profuse sweating
  • Seizures
  • Unresponsiveness

First Aid Tips:

  • Reassure the victim and make them to sit in a comfortable place
  • Try to raise the blood sugar level by giving fruit, candy and glucose tablet to swallow
  • Check glucose level if Glucometer is available
  • If the victim is conscious give some sugar drink/glucose
  • If patient is unconscious call 7847840000 for medical assistance

Heart attack:

The complete stoppage of blood to the heart through the blood vessels are blocked it is referred as heart attack and it leads to an abnormal function. The risk factors are Family history, Sedentary lifestyle, Smoking, High BP/DM and High cholesterol.

Recognitions:  

  • Chest pain, radiating to arm /neck/ jaw
  • Lightheadedness
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Profuse sweating
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Feeling of impending doom

First Aid tips:

  • Do not leave the person alone
  • Make the patient to sit calm in a comfortable position
  • Loosen the tight clothing
  • If the patient takes any medication, help them to take it.
  • Chew and swallow an aspirin, if you are allergic don’t prefer it
  • Call 7847840000 in case of emergency or download iRelief for immediate medical assistance
  • Start CPR if the patient is unconscious