Physiotherapy is a health care profession which assists people to restore, maintain and maximize their bodily strength, function, movement, and overall well-being.
Physiotherapists have in-depth knowledge of how your body and muscles work. They are experts in specialized hands-on clinical skills to assess, diagnose, and treat symptoms of illness, injury, and disability.
Physiotherapy includes rehabilitation, as well as prevention of injury, and promotion of health and fitness. Physiotherapists often work in teams with other health professionals to help meet an individual’s health care needs.
The terms physiotherapy and physical therapy mean the same thing and are used interchangeably, as are the terms physiotherapist and physical therapist.
Physiotherapy can be a transforming experience, no matter when in life you take advantage of it. It is often recommended by a doctor when you have long term-pain or an injury. It’s one of the best choices you can make which will make you stronger and help you move and feel better.
The kind of impact that physiotherapy can have may leave you surprised. But, it’s a field that has been developed over many years. Physiotherapists are now able to help in many different ways, with many different challenges. And, the best part is that you don’t have to go to a center or a hospital to avail the therapy. A specialist can come to your home at scheduled timings to provide sessions at the comfort of your home.
Here’s a breakdown of the different types of Physiotherapy
Neurological problems caused by damage to your central nervous system, including your brain and spinal cord, strokes, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s can result in loss of movement and sensation, uncoordinated movement, weak and floppy muscles, spasm and tremor.
Neurological Physiotherapy helps to kick-start the message pathways that your brain is struggling to use and makes new pathways through repetitive actions and therapeutic exercises.
Most neurological problems are chronic, meaning they are unlikely to be healed outright, but physiotherapy can have a huge positive impact on life with a neurological disorder. By learning and practicing small therapeutic exercises, the effects of neurological disorders on muscles and movement can be smoothed off and made much more manageable.
Cardiovascular/Pulmonary therapy is advantageous if you have a serious cardiovascular or pulmonary problem. i.e. a problem with your heart or circulation such as – heart attacks, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and pulmonary fibrosis.
Physical therapy can help you to increase endurance, to grow strength in key muscles, improve functional independence and your endurance.
Cardiovascular physical therapists play a small but very important role in the grand scheme of cardiac rehabilitation. They work collaboratively with other health team members to ensure the most favorable recovery.
Moreover, Cardiovascular physical therapists also deal with a patient’s mental and emotional well-being after a traumatic cardiac event.
After a certain injury has left you unable to use certain muscles, Orthopedic physical therapy helps you to recover muscle strength. Whether it’s a recent injury, which requires the recovery of your strength after surgery, or it’s an old injury that you’ve been carrying around for a long time.
You may be surprised at the effect targeted exercises given by a physiotherapist can have over time. Orthopedic physical therapy focuses on restoring function in joints, tendons, ligaments, and bones. Many sports injuries fall into this category.
Orthopedic physical treatment methods include stretching, strength training, endurance exercises, hot and cold packs, electrical muscle stimulation and joint mobilization.
Getting older can be very tough on the muscles and skeleton. Over our lives, we can get used to using our muscles in ways which are unhealthy or unwise, such as bad posture or damaging gait, which we often don’t recognize because we compensate for them using the rest of our bodies; but as we get older, we may notice more problems, as our muscles stop being strong enough to compensate as they have in the past.
Geriatric physical therapy is about taking steps to use the muscles you have in a way which is more efficient and safe and is less likely to lead to injuries.
Geriatric physical therapy focuses on the unique movement needs of older adults. Treatments are designed for conditions such as arthritis, cancer Alzheimer’s disease, osteoporosis, joint/hip replacement, and balance disorders. The goal of this sub-specialty is to help restore mobility, reduce pain, accommodate physical limitations and increase physical fitness.
Childhood is a time when the body grows very fast, and problems in childhood can have a negative effect on the rest of a person’s life. Pediatric physical therapy was specially designed to help babies, children and adolescents to make the most of their growth, build their muscular and skeletal strength.
Pediatric physical therapy focuses on the unique needs of infants, toddlers, children, and adolescents. Early detection is desirable when a child experiences problems that hinder natural movement and learning.
Physical therapy is used for children suffering from diseases or injuries, including:
- acute injury
- birth defects
- developmental delays
- genetic disorders (e.g., cerebral palsy)
- head trauma
- limb deficiencies
- muscle diseases
- orthopedic disabilities
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