Health issues related to women’s reproductive system are delicate and complex. The main problem occurs when women shy away from acquiring information or even discussing what’s going on down south.
Given the lack of information, women struggle to even recognize the symptoms that are present or take it very lightly. And, in some situations when women muster up enough courage to discuss the issue, the person listening to it immediately dismisses any possibility of it being serious.
Gaining enough knowledge about the possible health problems related to the reproductive system – Ovaries, fallopian tube, uterus, and vagina, can save you and your loved ones a lot of grief.
Here are a few health issues related to the women’s reproductive system
Endometriosis is a disease affecting a woman’s uterus – the place where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. It occurs when the kind of tissue that lines the uterus starts to grow somewhere else. It can grow on the ovaries, behind the uterus, on the bowels, or on the bladder. And rarely, it can even grow in other parts of the body.
- Pelvic pain (that may worsen during periods)
- Painful intercourse
- Painful urination or bowel movements
Some women may have no symptoms at all, and having trouble getting pregnant may be the first sign they have endometriosis.
PCOS or Polycystic ovary syndrome happens when a woman’s ovaries or adrenal glands produce more male hormones than normal. One result is that multiple cysts – fluid-filled sacs – develop on the ovaries. It can also contribute to long-term health problems like diabetes and heart diseases.
- Pelvic pain
- Excess hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, thumbs, or toes.
- Baldness or thinning hair
- Acne and oily skin
- Patches of thickened dark brown or black skin
- Weight gain
Usually, birth control pills and diabetes drugs can help fix the hormone imbalance and improve symptoms.
Uterine fibroids are the most common non-cancerous tumors in women of childbearing age. Fibroids are most common in women in their 40s and early 50s. About 20 percent to 80 percent of women develop fibroids by the time they reach 50. Fibroids are made of muscle cells and other tissues that grow in and around the wall of the uterus, or womb.
- Heavy or painful periods or bleeding between periods.
- Feeling full in the lower abdomen.
- Urinating often.
- Pain during sex.
- Lower back pain.
- Infertility, multiple miscarriages, or early labor.
But some women will have no symptoms. That is why it is important to see your health care provider for routine exams.
Primary ovarian insufficiency
POI or Primary ovarian insufficiency occurs when a woman’s ovaries are not working normally. The hormones that usually are naturally made by the ovaries are no longer being produced in normal amounts, and the ovaries don’t release eggs – ovulate – or release them just once in a while. This disease occurs in women aged between 15-29 years.
- Lack of breast development during puberty
- Lack of menstrual periods or irregular periods
- Small breasts or decrease in breast size
- Lack of normal vaginal discharge
- Hot flashes
- Mood swings
- Trouble sleeping
The most common symptom is lack of menstrual periods.
Interstitial cystitis – IC is a chronic bladder condition resulting in frequent discomfort or pain in the bladder or surrounding pelvic region. People with IC usually have inflamed or irritated bladder walls that can cause scarring and stiffening of the bladder.
- Abdominal or pelvic mild discomfort.
- Frequent urination.
- A feeling of urgency to urinate.
- Feeling of abdominal or pelvic pressure.
- Intense pain in the bladder or pelvic region.
- Severe lower abdominal pain that intensifies as the urinary bladder fills or empties.
IC can affect anyone; however, it is more common in women than men.