4 Common types of Flu in India (And how you can beat them?)

common flu

Which animal do you think is the highest in the food chain? The apex predator, the alpha killer that can hunt down even the smartest animal? From sharks to lions, there might be many names coming on your mind, but you won’t be able to ever guess what tops the list. They are Virus.

 

You heard it right! A virus can wipe out an entire generation when not controlled. It can affect and subsequently kill human, animal, bird, and any other moving species on the planet. The first flu outbreak in the world called Spanish flu infected 500 million in 1918, affecting almost 5% of the world’s entire population.

 

A virus or flu can affect in various ways, which can be as minimal as regular cold or as deadly as death. Time and again, various flu epidemics have tried to challenge the human race with its unique characteristics. But, brilliant minds who are consistently working on such scenarios are always able to find ways to control those common types of flu on time, if not their exact counteragent.

 

Moving on, here is a list of some common types of flu that has affected the greater population of the country. Also mentioned are their respective definitions, symptoms, vaccination information, and preventive measures.

 

4 common types of flu

Swine Flu (H1N1) – Stemming from the pigs (thus the name), this flu is caused by a type of Influenza-A virus.

Originating in Mexico in 2009, swine flu was observed in India in 2015 where it resulted in 31,156 infections and 1,841 deaths.

  • Symptoms: Fever, Lethargy, Sneezing, Coughing, Breathing issues
  • Transmission – Can be transmitted by direct contact
  • Preventive measures: Avoid close contact with pigs
  • Vaccination: Available

 

Nipah Virus  – A type of RNA virus Originating from the pigs (thus the name), this flu is caused by a type of Influenza-A virus.

 

Originated in Malaysia in 1998 in a village named Sungai Nipah, where it gets the name. An outbreak was observed in the Indian state Kerala in 2018, where it caused 17 deaths.

 

  • Symptoms: Fever, Cough, Headache, Confusion, Breathing issues, Coma
  • Transmission – Can be transmitted by direct contact
  • Preventive measures: Avoid close contact with bats and pigs; Avoid consuming raw date palm sap
  • Vaccination: Not Available

 

Bird Flu (H5N1)  – A fast-mutating, highly pathogenic virus that has been found in multiple species of birds. of RNA virus Originating from the pigs (thus the name), this flu is caused by a type of Influenza-A virus.

First identified in South Africa in 1961, the outbreak reached India in 2006, where it resulted in heavy losses for the poultry industry. 

  • Symptoms: Fever, Cough, Sore Throat, Muscle Aches, Conjunctivitis, Pneumonia
  • Transmission – Can be transmitted by direct contact with the infected animal’s bodily fluids
  • Preventive measures: Avoid close contact with infected chickens, wild ducks, geese, and swans
  • Vaccination: Available

 

Seasonal Flu  – An annually recurring outbreak that is characterized by contagious respiratory illness; has minimal health adversaries that diminishes within 3 weeks.   

 

  • Symptoms: Ear or Sinus Infection, Dehydration, Cough, Sore Throat, Muscle Aches, Cold
  • Transmission – Can be transmitted by air
  • Preventive measures: Avoid close contact with infected people
  • Vaccination: Available